Although the tughra is largely identified with the Ottoman Sultans, they have also sometimes been used in other states, such as the Qajar dynasty , Safavid Empire and the Khanate of Kazan. Muraqqa Hilya Ottoman illumination. Each of these elements has a specific meaning, and together they make up the form that is easily recognizable as a tughra. Some interpretations of tughra design claim that the beyzes are supposed to symbolize the two seas the sultans held sway over: Every Ottoman sultan had his own individual tughra. The three tugs signify independence.
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The tughra has a characteristic form, two loops on the left side, three vertical lines in the middle, stacked writing on the bottom and two extensions to the right. Tughra of Selim III This page was last edited on 12 Aprilosmmanli There are modern artists of calligraphy that use the characteristic tughra form today.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Each of these elements has a specific meaning, and together they make up the form that is easily recognizable as a tughra.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tughra. The Mughal Emperors are also known to have used calligraphic symbols, alongside the Ottomansthe Mughal “Tughra” was circular in shape with three points at its tip, beside the calligraphic signature of the emperor.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Islamic calligraphy Ottoman culture Monograms Signature. Tughras served a purpose similar to the cartouche in ancient Egypt or the Royal Cypher of British monarchs.
Archived from the original on Part of Islamic arts. It was also carved on his seal and stamped on the coins minted during his reign. The three tugs signify independence. Very elaborate decorated versions were created for important documents that were also works of art in the tradition of Ottoman illuminationsuch as the example of Suleiman the Magnificent in the gallery below. Although the tughra is largely identified with the Ottoman Sultans, they have also sometimes been used in other states, such as the Qajar dynastySafavid Empire and the Khanate of Kazan.
Depending on the period, this name can be as simple as Orhanson of Osman in the first tughra in Tughra of Mehmed V as used on a Gallipoli Star. A tughra Ottoman Turkish: Arabesque Geometric patterns Girih tiles Zellige. Muraqqa Hilya Ottoman illumination. Views Read Edit View history. Arabic Mughal Ottoman Persian. Some interpretations of tughra design claim that the beyzes are supposed to symbolize the two seas the sultans held sway over: Kashida Qalam Word heaping.
Tughra of Abdulhamid II Tughra above Port Gate in Belgrade. Every Ottoman sultan had his own individual tughra.